Comparison of Homing Behavior and Morphology of Pakistani Highflyer Pigeons: Searching the Unique Genetic Traits
Keywords:Homing pigeon, Training Program, Learning behaviour, young pigeon, Flight behaviour, domestication
AbstractPigeon breeding is culturally significant worldwide, including in Pakistan, where highflyers have been valued because of their exceptional flight capabilities and genetic traits. The Present study aimed at exploring the unique genetic traits. Eight representative pigeons of different breeds were selected, which include Teddy, kalsira, lakha, kamghar, Sialkoti, Salar, Cheena Chapra and Golden. The total time for training was 7 weeks, and after the training, data from two successive releases was recorded. The starting time for the flight and the landing back to home time was also recorded. It was seen that the Sialkoti pigeon breed fly with exceptional ability of 11hr27min during first release, followed by Teddy pigeons that flew about 1hour and 9min, and Kalsira (an ancient breed from the Mughal era) flew at about 10hr 04min. The morphological parameters (plumage colour, Iris colour, head type, tarsi, claws colour) were also examined. This study is important in two aspects. Culturally, this study shows highflyers' importance in preserving traditional knowledge of Punjab heritage. From a scientific point of view, this study contributes to understanding the genetic conservation of avian genetics and flight behaviour. Further research on the molecular level may confirm the present studies.
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